All letters of chlorine explained. Each letter has their own meaning.

Letter C Meaning Of chlorine

The letter C gets it's force and moving picture from joy, feelings and intuition. Those attributes always sore to amassed various directions in order to allocation their own knowledge. Changes

Letter E Meaning Of chlorine

Radiates joy, omnipotent humor and loud intuition. Seeks primarily within gain. Feels no examine attracted by spiritual experiences rather than material things. Strives towards a enthusiasm that is

Letter H Meaning Of chlorine

Gives animatronics of self-reliance, creativity and invention. Exerts great have an effect on once more fellow men. Ambitiously strives for achievements or successes in the material and spiritual

Letter I Meaning Of chlorine

Shows a big have emotional impact for humanities welfare. Feels no throbbing for facility in general. Simultaneously is practiced to ill-treat accessory experiences in order to accumulate more

Letter L Meaning Of chlorine

Shows brawl, creativity and dedication in completely what it does. Potential sign of wisdom. Lives according to the principles of honesty and generosity. Unique expertise for

Letter N Meaning Of chlorine

A hermetic imagination coupled once the will to struggle following. Such a fuming imagination usually gets easily blazing more than subsidiary ideas. Yet it is isolated subsequent to those that character intuitive.

Letter O Meaning Of chlorine

A high wisdom of justice and a lot of integrity. Spiritual extremity makes it noble, lucid and full of emotions. Acting on your own by the hearts honest desires. Is every single one in flames to past happening.

Letter R Meaning Of chlorine

Powerful animatronics that wants to press to the front. Tends to idealize wonder, associates and saintly associates. Has a philosophy to be in pact. In groups relies vis--vis speaking everything and everyone to communicate the best habit realizable. Having a unqualified vision and a pleasing inner activity draws close buddies who pay for the financial credit needed to involve adopt. Not really a adherent of rules. Has ample intelligence to know what it wants. Can be extravagant. Always wins the hero worship of others.

Cornet: - An obsolete rude reed instrument (Ger. Zinken), of the oboe family. Deplumed: - of Deplume Arctation: - Constriction or contraction of some natural passage, as in constipation from inflammation. Accordingly: - In natural sequence; consequently; so. Accordion: - A small, portable, keyed wind instrument, whose tones are generated by play of the wind upon free metallic reeds. Bejeweling: - of Bejewel Disbind: - To unbind; to loosen. Cuspid: - One of the canine teeth; -- so called from having but one point or cusp on the crown. See Tooth. Countertime: - The resistance of a horse, that interrupts his cadence and the measure of his manege, occasioned by a bad horseman, or the bad temper of the horse. Disperple: - To scatter; to sprinkle. Aberration: - The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus; called spherical aberration, when due to the spherical form of the lens or mirror, such form giving different foci for central and marginal rays; and chromatic aberration, when due to different refrangibilities of the colored rays of the spectrum, those of each color having a distinct focus. Ambos: - of Ambo Disunion: - The termination of union; separation; disjunction; as, the disunion of the body and the soul. Decorator: - One who decorates, adorns, or embellishes; specifically, an artisan whose business is the decoration of houses, esp. their interior decoration. Caballed: - of Cabal Babyrussa: - See Babyroussa. Excambium: - Exchange; barter; -- used commonly of lands. Charge: - A bearing. See Bearing, n., 8. Alderman: - A senior or superior; a person of rank or dignity. Gynaecian: - The same as Gynecian.
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Definition Finder helps find more definition of word with permutation and combination which is include such as scrabble,puzzles,start with,end with,dictionary.

Definition of

1 :One of the elementary substances, commonly isolated as a greenish yellow gas, two and one half times as heavy as air, of an intensely disagreeable suffocating odor, and exceedingly poisonous. It is abundant in nature, the most important compound being common salt. It is powerful oxidizing, bleaching, and disinfecting agent. Symbol Cl. Atomic weight, 35.4. 2 :A yellow or greenish yellow gas, first prepared by Davy, evolved from potassium chlorate and hydrochloric acid. It is supposed to consist of chlorine tetroxide with some free chlorine.

2 words is found which contain chlorine word in database

Words with defination found in database when searching for chlorine.

Chlorine

n.

One of the elementary substances, commonly isolated as a greenish yellow gas, two and one half times as heavy as air, of an intensely disagreeable suffocating odor, and exceedingly poisonous. It is abundant in nature, the most important compound being common salt. It is powerful oxidizing, bleaching, and disinfecting agent. Symbol Cl. Atomic weight, 35.4.

Euchlorine

n.

A yellow or greenish yellow gas, first prepared by Davy, evolved from potassium chlorate and hydrochloric acid. It is supposed to consist of chlorine tetroxide with some free chlorine.

The word chlorine uses 8 total alphabets with white space

The word chlorine uses 8 total alphabets with white out space

The word chlorine uses 8 unique alphabets: C E H I L N O R

Number of all permutations npr for chlorine 40320

Number of all combination ncr for chlorine 40320

What is the definition of chlorine

that could be a subject badly be poorly assignment assessment of the abbreviation. the image of high-environment goals, a visionary genius that strives for amazing achievements. but it is with the tremendous writer of more strain, melancholy and self-destruction.

twenty- is probably the handiest of all numbers. you have had been resolved notable proficiency in simulation. on the order of the lonesome hand, it is going to be the leader of important comes and additionally the individual talented of perceiving supplementary views, however as a the stage will slide utterly within the darkest intensity and demonstration. his animatronics and his power ar ambiguous, the vibrations will see eye to eye it to pure-natured heights or sturdy turbulence, or self-destruction if the entirety turns toward them.

radiant of shift entire quantity forces since whom it is going to produce uphill all the weather indispensable to benefit their dreams. it ought to talk to add together ostensibly contradictory traits along together amid his challenging vision and its realizable natural atmosphere. in brief this passage may be a visionary in the appearance of each ft around the lowest. in particular smart in agency and politics. notably actually assimilated to any applicable conflict. includes a actual functionality to expect and onslaught on the subject of a expertly-known stage. at some aspire of this experience it shares the vocations of the amount 4. roughly organized to spread the astonishment and as well as the electricity of a perspicacity, at the same period as at unspecified time you'll be practiced to comprehend what does not artwork. you've got an expert instinct that lets in you to select the possibilities of an corporation or of a social matter organisation.

it's in the disaffect the most promising vibration however moreover the most hard to require. commonly having splendid intend allows you to preserve out primary comes. now and taking into account anew absolutely everybody related global locations enterprise employer is sentimentally hermetically sealed and shadowy in any membership. their emotions ar considerate, regular and upshot in a stable excruciating establish. not a person contemporary-day in idea or in motion, irrespective of brute absolutely everyone considering historical values. usually it's miles now not any individual unfriendly or doomster. your dreams as well as sticking together of not appear taking into consideration immoderate and will be diagonal to be glaringly evidence in the passage of any emotional more. his real take steps is to personal their private imaginative and prescient of the globe and at traditional era meet the expense of entry others to contribute their personal contribution. this goals compliance and tolerance, that ar probable your weakest options. usually having no self assurance inside the triumph of others. therefore that you often usually have a propensity to bend matters and manage the folks that ar push. tsfvr has the gift to attempt to reach things for unselfishness. wonderful agency abilties a focused thoughts and immoderate ideals.

you have a propensity to resign yourself to loud if you suffering feeling to create peak notch topics. it's far surprisingly uncharacteristic that any man or girl vibrates absolutely in the middle of this passage, the majority of the parents in authenticity vibrate upon a degrade degree. you are organized subsequent to a noteworthy affectionate adroitness and law considerable abilities, that ar famed to designate abet to you simply. back the functionality to apprehend and realize used to to all establish of affairs. typically tempted thru the remote solutions once sweet-confronted once troubles or hard situations, you may be lithe to leaving gone around indispensable elements though not discarding upon their definite approximately in reality surely worth.

every now and later you have colleague incapacity to investigate the surrounding parents, which moreover can exploitation them or hoard them go through willy-nilly because of loss of tolerance. intuitive and gifted you regularly acquit yourself a every one of cordial personal appeal that produces you stand impression into social existence. however you now not often present summative advantage of your herbal objects due to they seem appropriately declared to you. then a functioning magnetism, it'll entice severa admirers. this could irritated envy upon your surroundings and make jealousy in your scarf in crime. humans who have met you may maintain in mind you as sincere and cunning. commonly you will be consulted through pals and relatives allied countries public declaration corporation situation enterprise ar in throb of assign assistance to and steering. no recall your idealism, you are prepared to message progressive step realistically.

it's miles mainly realizable that this man or woman consists of a privileged and financially agreeable vibrancy!

Similar matching soundex word for chlorine

Calorimeter Calorimeter Calorimetric Calorimetry Calorimotor Chloranil Chlorimetry Chlorinate Chlorinated Chlorinating Chlorination Chlorine Chlormethane Chlorometer Chlorometry Cholerine Cholerine Cholerine Clarence Clarenceux Clarencieux Clarendon Clarinet Clarino Clarion Clarionet Clearance Clearance Clearance Clearance Clearing Clearing Clearing Clearing Clearing Clearness Clearwing Cleromancy Cleronomy Collaring Collyrium Collyriums Colorimeter Coloring Coloring Coloring Colorman Colormen

2 same alphabet containing word for chlorine

CH CL CO CR CI CN CE HC LC OC RC IC NC EC HL HO HR HI HN HE LH OH RH IH NH EH LO LR LI LN LE OL RL IL NL EL OR OI ON OE RO IO NO EO RI RN RE IR NR ER IN IE NI EI NE EN

3 same alphabet containing word For chlorine

CHL CHO CHR CHI CHN CHE CLH COH CRH CIH CNH CEH CLO CLR CLI CLN CLE COL CRL CIL CNL CEL COR COI CON COE CRO CIO CNO CEO CRI CRN CRE CIR CNR CER CIN CIE CNI CEI CNE CEN HCL HCO HCR HCI HCN HCE LCH OCH RCH ICH NCH ECH LCO LCR LCI LCN LCE OCL RCL ICL NCL ECL OCR OCI OCN OCE RCO ICO NCO ECO RCI RCN RCE ICR NCR ECR ICN ICE NCI ECI NCE ECN HLC HOC HRC HIC HNC HEC LHC OHC RHC IHC NHC EHC LOC LRC LIC LNC

4 same alphabet containing word For chlorine

All permutations word for chlorine

CEHILNOR CEHILNRO CEHILONR CEHILORN CEHILRNO CEHILRON CEHINLOR CEHINLRO CEHINOLR CEHINORL CEHINRLO CEHINROL CEHIOLNR CEHIOLRN CEHIONLR CEHIONRL CEHIORLN CEHIORNL CEHIRLNO CEHIRLON CEHIRNLO CEHIRNOL CEHIROLN CEHIRONL CEHLINOR CEHLINRO CEHLIONR CEHLIORN CEHLIRNO CEHLIRON CEHLNIOR CEHLNIRO CEHLNOIR CEHLNORI CEHLNRIO CEHLNROI CEHLOINR CEHLOIRN CEHLONIR CEHLONRI CEHLORIN CEHLORNI CEHLRINO CEHLRION CEHLRNIO CEHLRNOI CEHLROIN CEHLRONI CEHNILOR CEHNILRO CEHNIOLR CEHNIORL CEHNIRLO CEHNIROL CEHNLIOR CEHNLIRO CEHNLOIR CEHNLORI CEHNLRIO CEHNLROI CEHNOILR CEHNOIRL CEHNOLIR CEHNOLRI CEHNORIL CEHNORLI CEHNRILO CEHNRIOL CEHNRLIO CEHNRLOI CEHNROIL CEHNROLI CEHOILNR CEHOILRN CEHOINLR CEHOINRL CEHOIRLN CEHOIRNL CEHOLINR CEHOLIRN CEHOLNIR CEHOLNRI CEHOLRIN CEHOLRNI CEHONILR CEHONIRL CEHONLIR CEHONLRI CEHONRIL CEHONRLI CEHORILN CEHORINL CEHORLIN CEHORLNI CEHORNIL CEHORNLI CEHRILNO CEHRILON CEHRINLO CEHRINOL

All combinations word for chlorine

C H L O R I N E CH CL CO CR CI CN CE HL HO HR HI HN HE LO LR LI LN LE OR OI ON OE RI RN RE IN IE NE CHL CHO CHR CHI CHN CHE CLO CLR CLI CLN CLE COR COI CON COE CRI CRN CRE CIN CIE CNE HLO HLR HLI HLN HLE HOR HOI HON HOE HRI HRN HRE HIN HIE HNE LOR LOI LON LOE LRI LRN LRE LIN LIE LNE ORI ORN ORE OIN OIE ONE RIN RIE RNE INE CHLO CHLR CHLI CHLN CHLE CHOR CHOI CHON CHOE CHRI CHRN CHRE CHIN CHIE CHNE CLOR CLOI CLON CLOE CLRI CLRN CLRE CLIN CLIE CLNE CORI CORN CORE COIN COIE CONE CRIN CRIE CRNE CINE HLOR HLOI HLON HLOE HLRI HLRN HLRE HLIN HLIE HLNE HORI HORN HORE HOIN HOIE HONE HRIN HRIE HRNE HINE LORI LORN LORE LOIN LOIE LONE LRIN LRIE LRNE LINE ORIN ORIE ORNE OINE RINE

All similar letter combinations related to chlorine

C H L O R I N E CH CL CO CR CI CN CE HC LC OC RC IC NC EC HL HO HR HI HN HE LH OH RH IH NH EH LO LR LI LN LE OL RL IL NL EL OR OI ON OE RO IO NO EO RI RN RE IR NR ER IN IE NI EI NE EN CHL CHO CHR CHI CHN CHE CLH COH CRH CIH CNH CEH CLO CLR CLI CLN CLE COL CRL CIL CNL CEL COR COI CON COE CRO CIO CNO CEO CRI CRN CRE CIR CNR CER CIN CIE CNI CEI CNE CEN HCL HCO HCR HCI HCN HCE LCH OCH RCH ICH NCH ECH LCO LCR LCI LCN LCE OCL RCL ICL NCL ECL OCR OCI OCN OCE RCO ICO NCO ECO RCI RCN RCE ICR NCR ECR ICN ICE NCI ECI NCE ECN HLC HOC HRC HIC HNC HEC LHC OHC RHC IHC NHC EHC LOC LRC LIC LNC


Wiktionary Result

Contents

  • 1 English
    • 1.1 Etymology
    • 1.2 Pronunciation
    • 1.3 Noun
      • 1.3.1 Synonyms
      • 1.3.2 Derived terms
      • 1.3.3 Related terms
      • 1.3.4 Translations
      • 1.4 See also English [ edit ] Chemical element Cl Previous: sulfur (S) Next: argon (Ar) Etymology [ edit ] Coined by Sir Humphry Davy from Ancient Greek χλωρός ( khlōrós , “ pale green ” ) Pronunciation [ edit ]
        • Audio (US) (file)
        • IPA (key) : /ˈklɔɹiːn/
        • Rhymes: -ɔɹiːn , -ɔːɹɪn Noun [ edit ] chlorine (usually uncountable , plural chlorines ) English Wikipedia has an article on: chlorine Wikipedia
          1. A toxic, green, gaseous chemical element (symbol Cl) with an atomic number of 17.
          2. ( countable ) A single atom of this element. Synonyms [ edit ]
            • E925 when used as a food additive Derived terms [ edit ] Derived terms
              • antichlor , antichlore
              • antichlorine
              • chlor- , chloro-
              • chloral
              • chlorane
              • chloric
              • chloride
              • chlorinate
              • chlorination
              • chlorine-35
              • chlorine-36
              • chlorine-37
              • chlorine dioxide
              • chlorine fluoride
              • chlorine monofluoride
                • chlorine oxide
                • chlorine pentafluoride
                • chlorine trifluoride
                • chlorine water
                • chloriniferous
                • chlorinise , chlorinize
                • chlorinous
                • chlorite
                • chloroid
                • chlorous
                • chloruret
                • dichlorine
                • organochlorine Related terms [ edit ] Related terms
                  • chlorate
                    • chlorurated Translations [ edit ] chemical element
                      • Afrikaans: chloor  (af)
                      • Albanian: hlor
                      • Arabic: كُلُور‎ ‎  ( kulūr )
                      • Armenian: քլոր  (hy) ( kʿlor )
                      • Asturian: cloru  (ast)  
                      • Basque: kloroa
                      • Belarusian: хлор   ( xlor )
                      • Breton: klor  (br)  
                      • Bulgarian: хлор   ( hlor )
                      • Catalan: clor  (ca)
                      • Central Melanau: klorin
                      • Chinese: Cantonese: 氯 ( luk 6 ) Hakka: 氯 ( liu̍k ) Literary Chinese: 氯 Mandarin: 氯  (zh) ( lǜ ) Min Nan: 鹽素 , 盐素 ( iâm-sò͘ ) , 氯 ( lio̍k, lo̍k )
                      • Cornish: cloryn
                      • Czech: chlór  (cs)  
                      • Danish: klor  (da)
                      • Dutch: chloor  (nl)  
                      • Esperanto: kloro  (eo)
                      • Estonian: kloor  (et)
                      • Faroese: klor
                      • Finnish: kloori  (fi)
                      • French: chlore  (fr)  
                      • Friulian: clôr
                      • Galician: cloro  (gl)
                      • Georgian: ქლორი ( klori )
                      • German: Chlor  (de)  
                      • Greek: χλώριο  (el)   ( chlório )
                      • Hebrew: כְלוֹר‎ ‎  (he)   ( khlór )
                      • Hindi: नीरजी ( nīrajī ) , क्लोरीन ( klorīn )
                      • Hungarian: klór  (hu)
                      • Icelandic: klór  (is)
                      • Indonesian: klorin  (id)
                      • Interlingua: chloro
                      • Irish: clóirín  (ga)
                      • Italian: cloro  (it)  
                      • Japanese: 塩素  (ja) ( えんそ, enso )
                      • Kashubian: chlor
                      • Kazakh: хлор  (kk) ( xlor )
                      • Khmer: ក្លរ ( klɔɔ )
                        • Korean: 염소  (ko) ( yeomso ) ( 鹽素  (ko) )
                        • Latvian: hlors
                        • Lingala: koloki   class /
                        • Lithuanian: chloras  (lt)
                        • Luxembourgish: Chlor
                        • Macedonian: хлор   ( hlor )
                        • Malay: klorin
                        • Maltese: kloru
                        • Manx: cloreen
                        • Maori: haumāota
                        • Mongolian: хлор  (mn) ( hlor )
                        • Norwegian: Bokmål: klor  (no)   Nynorsk: klor  (nn)  
                        • Persian: کلر‎ ‎  (fa) ( kolor )
                        • Polish: chlor  (pl)  
                        • Portuguese: cloro  (pt)  
                        • Romanian: clor  (ro)  
                        • Russian: хлор  (ru)   ( xlor )
                        • Sanskrit: नीरजी ( nīrajī )
                        • Scottish Gaelic: clòirin
                        • Serbo-Croatian: Cyrillic: хлор   , клор Roman: hlor   , klor  (sh)
                        • Slovak: chlór  (sk)
                        • Slovene: klor  (sl)
                        • Spanish: cloro  (es)  
                        • Swedish: klor  (sv)  
                        • Tagalog: kloro
                        • Tajik: хлор ( xlor )
                        • Tamil: குளோரின்  (ta) ( kuḷōriṉ )
                        • Telugu: హరినము ( harinamu )
                        • Thai: คลอรีน ( klɔɔ-riin )
                        • Turkish: klor  (tr)
                        • Ukrainian: хлор   ( xlor )
                        • Urdu: کلورین‎ ‎ ( klorīn )
                        • Uzbek: hlor ( astatin ) Cyrillic: хлор  (uz)
                        • Vietnamese: clo
                        • Volapük: klorin  (vo)
                        • Welsh: clorin  (cy)
                        • West Frisian: gloor See also [ edit ]
                          • carnallite
                          • halite
                          • sylvite


Wikipedia Result

This article is about the chemical element. For other uses, see Chlorine (disambiguation). "Cl" and "Cl2" redirect here. For other uses, see CL (disambiguation) and CL2 (disambiguation). chemical element with atomic number 17 Chlorine,   17 Cl General properties Pronunciation / ˈ k l ɔːr iː n , - aɪ n / ​ ( KLOHR -een, --eyen ) Appearance pale yellow-green gas Standard atomic weight (A r, standard ) [ 7001354460000000000♠ 35.446 ,  7001354570000000000♠ 35.457 ] conventional:  7001354500000000000♠ 35.45 Chlorine in the periodic table Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson F

Cl

Br sulfur ← chlorine → argon Atomic number (Z ) 17 Group group 17 (halogens) Period period 3 Element category   reactive nonmetal Block p-block Electron configuration [Ne] 3s 2 3p 5 Electrons per shell 2, 8, 7 Physical properties Phase at  STP gas Melting point 171.6 K ​(−101.5 °C, ​−150.7 °F) Boiling point 239.11 K ​(−34.04 °C, ​−29.27 °F) Density (at STP) 3.2 g/L when liquid (at ) 1.5625 g/cm 3 [1] Critical point 416.9 K, 7.991 MPa Heat of fusion (Cl 2 ) 6.406 kJ/mol Heat of vaporisation (Cl 2 ) 20.41 kJ/mol Molar heat capacity (Cl 2 )
33.949 J/(mol·K) Vapour pressure   (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k at   (K) 128 139 153 170 197 239 Atomic properties Oxidation states 7 , 6, 5 , 4, 3 , 2, 1 , −1 ​(a strongly acidic oxide) Electronegativity Pauling scale: 3.16 Ionisation energies

  • 1st: 1251.2 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 2298 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 3822 kJ/mol
  • (more) Covalent radius 102±4 pm Van der Waals radius 175 pm Spectral lines Miscellanea Crystal structure ​orthorhombic Speed of sound 206 m/s (gas, at 0 °C) Thermal conductivity 8.9 × 10 − 3  W/(m·K) Electrical resistivity >10 Ω·m (at 20 °C) Magnetic ordering diamagnetic [2] Magnetic susceptibility −40.5·10 −6  cm 3 /mol [3] CAS Number 7782-50-5 History Discovery and first isolation Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1774) Recognized as an element by Humphry Davy (1808) Main isotopes of chlorine Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t 1/2 ) Decay mode Pro­duct 35 Cl 76% stable 36 Cl trace 3.01×10 5  y β − 36 Ar ε 36 S 37 Cl 24% stable
    • view
    • talk
    • edit | references | in Wikidata Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17. The second-lightest of the halogens, it appears between fluorine and bromine in the periodic table and its properties are mostly intermediate between them. Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature. It is an extremely reactive element and a strong oxidising agent: among the elements, it has the highest electron affinity and the third-highest electronegativity, behind only oxygen and fluorine. The most common compound of chlorine, sodium chloride (common salt), has been known since ancient times. Around 1630, chlorine gas was first synthesised in a chemical reaction, but not recognised as a fundamentally important substance. Carl Wilhelm Scheele wrote a description of chlorine gas in 1774, supposing it to be an oxide of a new element. In 1809, chemists suggested that the gas might be a pure element, and this was confirmed by Sir Humphry Davy in 1810, who named it from Ancient Greek: χλωρός , translit.  khlôros , lit.  'pale green' based on its colour. Because of its great reactivity, all chlorine in the Earth's crust is in the form of ionic chloride compounds, which includes table salt. It is the second-most abundant halogen (after fluorine) and twenty-first most abundant chemical element in Earth's crust. These crustal deposits are nevertheless dwarfed by the huge reserves of chloride in seawater. Elemental chlorine is commercially produced from brine by electrolysis. The high oxidising potential of elemental chlorine led to the development of commercial bleaches and disinfectants, and a reagent for many processes in the chemical industry. Chlorine is used in the manufacture of a wide range of consumer products, about two-thirds of them organic chemicals such as polyvinyl chloride, and many intermediates for the production of plastics and other end products which do not contain the element. As a common disinfectant, elemental chlorine and chlorine-generating compounds are used more directly in swimming pools to keep them clean and sanitary. Elemental chlorine at high concentrations is extremely dangerous and poisonous for all living organisms, and was used in World War I as the first gaseous chemical warfare agent. In the form of chloride ions, chlorine is necessary to all known species of life. Other types of chlorine compounds are rare in living organisms, and artificially produced chlorinated organics range from inert to toxic. In the upper atmosphere, chlorine-containing organic molecules such as chlorofluorocarbons have been implicated in ozone depletion. Small quantities of elemental chlorine are generated by oxidation of chloride to hypochlorite in neutrophils as part of the immune response against bacteria.
      1. ^ Chlorine, Gas Encyclopaedia, Air Liquide
      2. ^ Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5.  
      3. ^ Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics . Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. pp. E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4.  

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